Erreurs SMTP – Comment les comprendre ?

Lorsque vous envoyez des mails, le serveur de destination renvoi un code pour dire si tout est ok … ou pas.

Dans le cas où ce serait non, voici à quoi correspond les chiffres :

 

LE PREMIER CHIFFRE ……………………………………………………………………………….
il indique si le serveur distant à accepté votre message ou pas :

  • 1: The server has accepted the command, but does not yet take action. A confirmation message is required. Currently, this is not used.
  • 2: The server has completed the task successfully.
  • 3: The server has understood the request, but requires further information to complete it.
  • 4: The server has encountered a temporary failure. If the command is repeated without any change, it might be completed. Mail servers can use such temporary failures to keep untrusted senders at bay.
  • 5: The server has encountered an error.
LE DEUXIEME CHIFFRE ……………………………………………………………………………..
donne plus d’explication, en rapport avec le 1er chiffre :
  • 0: A syntax error has occurred.
  • 1: Indicates a informational reply, for example to a HELP request.
  • 2: Refers to the connection status.
  • 3 and 4 are unspecified.
  • 5: Refers to the status of the mail system as a whole and the mail server in particular.
LES CHIFFRES SUIVANTS …………………………………………………………………………..
donne encore plus précision (plus de granularité) relatif à la RFC 821 :
  • 211 – A system status message.
  • 214 – A help message for a human reader follows.
  • 220 – SMTP Service ready.
  • 221 – Service closing.
  • 250 – Requested action taken and completed. The best message of them all.
  • 251 – The recipient is not local to the server, but the server will accept and forward the message.
  • 252 – The recipient cannot be VRFYed, but the server accepts the message and attempts delivery.
  • 354 – Start message input and end with <CRLF>.<CRLF>. This indicates that the server is ready to accept the message itself (after you have told it who it is from and where you want to to go).
  • 421 – The service is not available and the connection will be closed.
  • 450 – The requested command failed because the user’s mailbox was unavailable (for example because it was locked). Try again later.
  • 451 – The command has been aborted due to a server error. Not your fault. Maybe let the admin know.
  • 452 – The command has been aborted because the server has insufficient system storage.
  • The following error messages (500-504) usually tell you that your email client is broken. It’s probably best to let the program’s author know.
  • 500 – The server could not recognize the command due to a syntax error.
  • 501 – A syntax error was encountered in command arguments.
  • 502 – This command is not implemented.
  • 503 – The server has encountered a bad sequence of commands.
  • 504 – A command parameter is not implemented.
  • 550 – The requested command failed because the user’s mailbox was unavailable (for example because it was not found, or because the command was rejected for policy reasons).
  • 551 – The recipient is not local to the server. The server then gives a forward address to try.
  • 552 – The action was aborted due to exceeded storage allocation.
  • 553 – The command was aborted because the mailbox name is invalid.
  • 554 – The transaction failed. Blame it on the weather.

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